According to the European Center for Disease and Prevention Control, the Zika virus is a Falviviridae. It is related to other flaviviruses such as West-Nile, dengue, and yellow fever. However, the symptoms of the Zika viruses are mild when compared to these other viruses.
As its name implies, the Zika virus was discovered in the Zika forest of Uganda in 1947. It is common to areas in the continents of Asia and Africa. Since 2007, there have been some breakouts reported within the Pacific.
The Zika virus is being transmitted to humans by mosquitos. Transmission via sexual intercourse has also been reported. About one out of five infected people will show symptoms of the virus. Symptoms include fever, rash, joint pain, muscle aches, headaches, and/or red eyes.
There is currently no vaccine for the Zika virus. However, the Zika virus can be prevented by avoiding mosquito bites, abstaining from sex, or using protection during sex.