The word "utopia" literally means "no place" because it represents a perfect ideal which can never be met here on earth--or at least as long as humans are inhabiting earth. It is just not possible to have a perfect place because it will always be inhabited by imperfect people. Utopianism was a popular form of writing and thinking in the nineteenth century.
[T]he utopian tradition flourished as writers sought to dramatize the political and economic principals—equality, freedom, and material plenitude among them—necessary for the advancement of society. Likewise, a number of real-life experiments were undertaken in the form of contained, usually short-lived, utopian communities designed to test the viability of a fully cooperative society where competition and want were unknown.
This movement was eventually replaced by dystopian literature, in...
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