How does the setting of Mrs. Jones's home contribute to your sense of who she is in Thank You, Ma'am?
Connect: How does the setting of mrs jones home-her furnished room, the gas plate, the ten cent cake, the noise building- contribute to your sense of who she is?
One of the major themes in this story is that people should retain their dignity and their morals even in trying circumstances such as poverty. This is what Mrs. Jones is trying to teach Roger -- she is trying to give him the sense that he can be trusted, that he has dignity. The aspects of her home that you mention reinforce this theme -- they show us that she, herself, is not well-off. Even so, she retains immense dignity.
All of the things you mention are things that show that Mrs. Jones lives in very modest circumstances. She only has a hot plate -- not a real stove. She is eating ham and lima beans and cheap cake. She cooks in a screened off corner of her room, not in a kitchen. She is clearly not very wealthy at all. Even so, she is clearly a very moral woman who retains her dignity and values.
By putting Mrs. Jones in such a modest home, Hughes emphasizes the fact that she is living her life the way she wants Roger to live his.