Multiple sclerosis is a disease of nervous system. It causes inflammation in scattered areas and loss of myelin in white matter of brain and spinal chord. Many area of hard scars appear throughout myelin and interfere with functioning of nerves. The term sclerosis is a Greek term meaning hard and refers to these hard scars.
A person affected by multiple sclerosis gets its repeated attacks damaging nervous system followed by recovery.
Multiple sclerosis can cause serious permanent damage including paralysis of legs and partial loss of vision, double vision. However in initial stages it produce symptoms like double vision, loss of balance, problems of coordination, weakness in arms and legs, and tingling in fingers or elsewhere.
Sclerosis is more likely to affect women then men. It is most likely to affect people between 20 to 25 years old.
The exact cause of multiple sclerosis are not known. It may be caused by a virus that affects young people. This disease is associated with certain genes that control immune system. The most widely used therapy for this disease is Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH). Some drugs that affect the immune system are also useful.