What would be a good thesis statement using the theme of suffering in James Baldwin's "Sonny's Blues" and the symbolism/imagery of light, darkness, and the music?

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James Baldwin's "Sonny's Blues" involves the relationship of the narrator, an African American math teacher in 1950s Harlem, to his brother Sonny, a jazz pianist who has dealt with heroin addiction. The narrator develops a better understanding of Sonny's blues (his particular struggle) by finally listening to both his brother's words and his music. The crucial conversation about suffering occurs after Sonny has listened to a street singer and confided in his brother that her voice reminds him "of what heroin feels like." As the brothers discuss the inevitability of suffering, particularly for black people in Harlem, Sonny explains his heroin use this way:

"No there’s no way not to suffer. But you try all kinds of ways to keep from drowning in it, to keep on top of it, and to make it seem—well, like, you. Like you did something, all right, and now you’re suffering for it. You know?" I said nothing. "Well you know," he said, impatiently, "why do people suffer? Maybe it’s better to do...

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