The correct form of any citation depends on several factors. The first would be the citation style chosen for the project or paper to be submitted. For example, the American Psychological Association (APA) style is most often used to cite sources within the social sciences. The Chicago Manual of Style...
The correct form of any citation depends on several factors. The first would be the citation style chosen for the project or paper to be submitted. For example, the American Psychological Association (APA) style is most often used to cite sources within the social sciences. The Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS) is most commonly used by those working in literature, history, and the arts. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) style is generally used differently according to which field you are working in and the specifics of where your paper is being submitted, such as to an organization or for the publication of an event. The American Medical Association (AMA) style is used for writing and citing medical research papers. ASA format or English American Sociological Association style is the preferred style used for research or academic papers in the field of Sociology.
The Modern Language Association (MLA) style is usually the best choice for Humanities papers, especially literature topics. Uncle Tom’s Cabin is categorized under literature and is most likely the style preferred by an academic instructor. However, the safest route is to verify the style reserved for the particular assignment.
Generally, MLA format requires two separate types of citations for a work like Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Researchers begin by preparing a Works Cited page that lists all the sources that are cited in a paper. The basic format for a book is as follows:
The author’s last name, first name, book title, city of publication, publisher, and date of publication. This information depends upon the edition of the book used.
Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Uncle Tom’s Cabin. The Reader’s Digest Association, Inc. 1991.
This is the type of citation that would appear on a separate Works Cited page at the end of the paper.
In addition to the Works Cited page, research papers must also contain in-text citations. These are the parenthetical citations that appear in the body of the paper. Whenever information that is not common knowledge is included in a paper, the writer must cite an in-text source of that knowledge. Generally, that citation is listed at the end of the paragraph containing the information to be cited. It appears at the end of the last sentence of the paragraph in parentheses, providing the author’s last name and the page containing the cited material. The parenthesis appears before the period in the sentence.
For example, if the information is taken from various pages in Uncle Tom’s Cabin between pages 28 and 66, the citation at the end of the paragraph would resemble as follows:
Therefore, I think this is a terrific book that had an effect on the outbreak of the Civil War (Stowe pp. 28–66).
If the information cited comes from a specific page, the citation would resemble as follows:
“Thus, all things considered, Haley, with rather an equivocal grace, proceeded to the parlor, while Sam, rolling his eyes after him with unutterable meaning, proceeded gravely with the horses to the stable yard” (Stowe 53).
This would also be used for quotations.
It cannot be stressed enough that researchers should review the latest edition of the MLA Handbook for changes in formatting rules and information on specific citations beyond the basics presented here.