At the beginning of the novel, Winston harbors feelings of resentment and hatred towards the Party inside himself. Winston's only act of rebellion is simply writing "DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER" in his diary and contemplating the Party's oppressive hold on society. He fears being arrested by the Thought Police but does not initially try to undermine the government. As the novel progresses, Winston believes he has an ally in O'Brien and develops a relationship with Julia. Julia persuades Winston to exercise his individuality, and he begins to find respite during his brief interactions with her. Winston begins to act more rebellious by renting an apartment above Charrington's antique shop, carrying on an affair with Julia, and even attempting to join the Brotherhood by visiting O'Brien's home, where he receives "THE BOOK."
The more Winston engages in rebellious behavior, the closer he gets to being arrested by the Thought Police, which is something Winston accepts and anticipates. Eventually, Winston is arrested and taken to the Ministry of Love, where he is tortured by O'Brien. While he is being tortured, Winston tries his best to maintain his individuality by protecting his spirit. Unfortunately, Winston is taken to Room 101, where he eventually abandons hope and is brainwashed into becoming a loyal follower of Big Brother.