What is white revolution?please can you give me answer in detail like when it happen for what reason did it happen.

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thetall eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Iranian White Revolution was a series of programs passed in a referendum proposed by Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi after a period of administrative challenges in the country and a growing sense of repression among the people. The name White Revolution was derived from the fact that in the quest to institute these reforms, the process was not met by violence, and this made it a bloodless revolution towards westernization and legitimization of the administrative authority vested in the Shah. The revolution sought to shift power from landlords to the peasants, and politically, the move was seen to strengthen the Shah against the landlords and the middle class. He also endeared himself to the women by proposing their rights to vote. The revolution which passed overwhelmingly also proposed among other resolutions that;

  • Industrial or factory profits should be shared with the workers working there
  • Privatization of Government institutions to increase industrial efficiency
  • Improvement in the education system
  • Introduction of Social Security
Noelle Thompson eNotes educator| Certified Educator

One can tell by the previous answers that there is a question as to which White Revolution is referred to by this question.  Since the Iranian White Revolution is expanded upon nicely by the most recent answer, let me take the Indian White Revolution a bit further for you.

The Indian revolution in the title is "white" because of one important, nutrient-rich product:  milk.  In the mid 20th century, India increased its milk production.  It originated with Dr. Verghese Kurian at Anand in Gujarat State (otherwise known as "Amul") of District Co-operative Milk Producers Union.  Further, "Operation Flood" was set forth in 1970 due to the request of the National Dairy Development Board.  This was important in that it made India the largest producer of milk in the entire world, even surpassing the United States!  As a result, dairy farming increased employment in India by leaps and bounds!

What is interesting is it's not just milk that increased in production, but many agricultural commodities.  Therefore the term "Green Revolution" in India is actually more common. 

brandih eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Hi!  Are you referring to the White Revolution in Iran or India?

krishna-agrawala | Student

I believe your question is about White Revolution of India. This white revolution relates to the rapid development in milk production that took place in India after mid 1960's. This name is a variation of the name "Green Revolution" used earlier to describe rapid development in agricultural production in India.

A name closely associated with White Revolution is that of Dr. Verghese Kurian. This is because the origins of White Revolution can be traced to the efforts of Dr. Kurien at Kaira District Co-operative Milk Producers Union Situated at Anand in Gujarat State. This organization is better known by the brand name of its product - Amul.

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