There were many turning points in this war since it was fought on many fronts. The two most important turning points, however, were the Battle of Stalingrad in the Soviet Union and the Battle of Midway in the Pacific Ocean. At Stalingrad, the German invasion of the Soviet Union failed. This cost Germany huge numbers of troops and huge amounts of materiel without winning them anything. This weakened Germany severely. The Battle of Midway cost Japan most of its offensive capability because it included the sinking of four aircraft carriers and the death of many of Japan’s well-trained pilots. Both battles marked high points for the Axis and the start of a long process of Allied victory.