What were the roles of some of the animals during the harvest in Animal Farm by George Orwell?  

Different animals take different roles in contributing to the harvest, but almost all of the animals are depicted as contributing at least to some degree. The pigs serve as problem-solvers and overseers, while the horses, particularly Boxer, are depicted as taking on the most labor intensive tasks. Meanwhile, the ducks and hens are shown picking up and gathering what would have otherwise gone to waste.

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Animal Farm's third chapter goes into detail on the particularities of the first harvest. Generally speaking, almost all of the animals contribute at least to some degree (the cat is a major exception, always avoiding any work whatsoever), although the most labor intensive tasks tend to be given to the horses. As Orwell writes:

Boxer and Clover would harness themselves to the cutter or the horse-rake (no bits or reigns were needed in these days, of course) and tramp steadily round and round the field with a pig walking behind and calling out, "Gee up, comrade!" or "Whoa back, comrade!" as the case might be. (Orwell, Animal Farm, chapter 3)

Of all the animals, Boxer is described as the most laborious in his physical contributions to the farm, to the point that his efforts were, Orwell says, worth the equivalent of three other horses put together. Meanwhile, the pigs (in keeping with their role as the planners and organizers of the farm) supervise the work of the other animals, while also applying their intelligence towards problem-solving, in the case of any unexpected difficulties which might arise.

Even as the horses take the most labor-intensive tasks, the ducks and hens are described picking up any disparate grains or stalks which would otherwise go to waste. As Orwell puts it, "everyone worked according to his capacity" (chapter 3). That being said, there are exceptions. As has already been mentioned, there is the cat, who would always excuses to avoid doing any work, but there is also Mollie, who shows a tendency to begin work late and leave early. Meanwhile, Benjamin is described working "in the same slow obstinate way as he had done it in Jones's time, never shirking and never volunteering for extra work either" (chapter 3).

This first harvest after the Revolution emerges as the high-water mark for the animals on the farm. As the story continues, a far more crueler and more brutal picture begins to set in, with the growing dictatorship of the pigs (and ultimately the dictatorship of Napoleon himself) exploiting the other animals on the farm.

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At the beginning of chapter three, Orwell describes the animals' first harvest after the Rebellion. The pigs are the only animals to not engage in physical labor while they act as the farm’s supervisors, directing the animals to complete various tasks. Boxer and Clover both use the cutter and horse-rake to mow every inch of the farm while several pigs follow right behind them, shouting instructions. The other animals help out by collecting and gathering every bit of hay. Even the ducks and hens contribute by carrying tiny wisps of hay in their beaks. Mollie does not contribute much to the harvest and has a habit of waking up late and leaving work early.

While Boxer contributes the most to the harvest by working extra hours and completing arduous tasks, Old Benjamin remains obstinate and continues to work at the same slow pace. The animals end up having their most successful harvest ever and finish the work significantly earlier than it had previously taken them under Jones's leadership. Every animal engages in physical labor to some extent except the pigs, who take on the role of administrators and supervisors. During the harvest, the pigs steadily establish their aristocracy and privileged status by giving orders while refusing to engage in physical labor.

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To answer this question, take a look at the description of the harvest at the beginning of Chapter Three. Boxer and Clover, for example, take the role of dragging the cutter or the horse-rake across the field. Boxer works so hard that he has the cockerel wake him earlier than the others.

The ducks and hens also contribute to the harvest, carrying small amounts of hay in their beaks. As for the corn, they collect five bushels by gathering up the stray grains on the ground.

Benjamin works hard too but is noted as being much slower than the others. Mollie is more problematic, often showing up late for work. The cats do not tend to contribute much and often disappear until meal-times.

What you'll notice about the harvest is that the pigs don't do any actual work. They act as the directors and the supervisors, leaving all of the real work to the other animals. They are described as following Boxer as he pushed and pulled, acting in a manner similar to human farmers.

This is, therefore, the beginning of the pigs' ascent to power in which they become the new masters of the farm, leaving the physical work to the other animals.

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In Animal Farm by George Orwell, the animals had various jobs during the harvest. The pigs became the supervisors because their intelligence was superior to the other animals. They followed the horses giving them directions. The horses, Boxer and Clover, already knew how to plow, so that was their job. Most of the other animals collected the hay. Even the hens and ducks had a part in bringing in the harvest. Mollie usually got up late and did a little work and then found some excuse to leave the field. The cats usually disappeared before the work began, but everyone else did his/her fair share of work each day. Because they were now in charge of their own lives, the first harvest was the biggest one they had ever brought in, and it was more meaningful for the animals because they had done it all themselves.

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