Wilson's Fourteen Points were designed to prevent another world war from happening. One of the key points was a push for open diplomacy. This was important since the mechanisms that brought about World War I were formed with the creation of secret alliances. Another part of Wilson's Fourteen Points was...
Wilson's Fourteen Points were designed to prevent another world war from happening. One of the key points was a push for open diplomacy. This was important since the mechanisms that brought about World War I were formed with the creation of secret alliances. Another part of Wilson's Fourteen Points was the free and open access to the seas. This was important since the German U-boat was one of the factors that led to the United States being involved in the war. Britain objected to this because it would negate British naval power. It is also important to note that during the negotiations that Germany still faced a blockade.
Another key part of the Fourteen Points was a scaling back of arms in general. Wilson believed that the buildup of munitions led to the environment being favorable for war. France and Britain did not agree with this idea because it would put them at a the mercy of a potentially rearmed Germany in the future though both nations had financed a great deal of their war with borrowed money from the US.
Still another part was national self-determination. Wilson called for a free and independent Poland with access to the sea. This would be controversial because it took Russian land though Russia was not a member of the Central Powers. Later the Soviet Union and Germany would divide Poland since neither nation agreed to let Poland exist. National self-determination was directed at the breakup of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the birthplace of the war. Despite all of the experts, the breakup of the empire was not perfect and there is still some racial and ethnic tension in the Balkans.
The most important part of the Fourteen Points was the creation of the League of Nations. This League would be a place where nations great and small could debate their issues and use arbitration instead of war. Though European nations joined, the United States never did. Wilson alienated members of Congress by not including them in the negotiations. Also, many members of Congress had concerns that the US would lose some of its sovereignty to the League. The League failed to prevent World War II, and it was replaced in 1945 with the United Nations.