What were the main factors that led to the rise of industrialization in the US in the late 1800s?

The main factors that led to the rise of US industrialization were new technologies like steam engines, railroads, and telegraphs that made communication and transportation easier. The ability to source and transport materials across the country with ease turned many local businesses into national companies. Workplace innovations, such as the assembly-line method of production, then allowed these companies to produce goods on a mass scale.

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First, we should be clear about the nature of the industrial boom that occurred in the wake of the Civil War. It was the rise of heavy industry and the production of capital goods that characterized the early phases of industrial growth during this period, and by far the biggest factor contributing to growth was the expansion of the railroads.

Railroads expanded exponentially after the Civil War, and their rapid spread facilitated and spurred industrial growth in several ways. They led to a demand for coal, timber, and especially steel, the most important commodity in this new industrial age. They connected markets, enabling businesses like the meatpacking industry to rapidly increase distribution and production. Moreover, their corporate structures formed a paradigm and a model for other industries.

In addition to this new industry, which spawned many others, industrialization was fueled by the massive influx of immigrants from Europe and elsewhere that provided a large industrial labor...

(The entire section contains 6 answers and 1170 words.)

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