What were the differences between President Lyndon Johnson's and President Richard Nixon's approaches to the Vietnam conflict?

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In order to examine the differences between the strategies of President Lyndon B. Johnson and President Richard Nixon with regard to the Vietnam conflict, one must first understand the strategies employed by President Dwight Eisenhower and President John F. Kennedy.

While the French and the Vietnamese continued their own bloody conflict as the Vietnamese fought to overthrow the colonists, Eisenhower provided military supplies and intelligence to the French allies. As the Vietnamese movement warped from just gaining independence into implementing a communist political system via the North Vietnamese, Kennedy countered with the policy of containment.

Following the assassination of Kennedy, Johnson assumed the role of Commander-in-Chief and was forced to manage the conflict, which was becoming massively unpopular stateside. Johnson did not want to spend more money or put more boots on the ground, but he was also terrified of pulling out completely, which would mean appearing weak and...

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