What were the details of the bond that was signed between Antonio and Shylock? What was the reason for signing such a bond in The Merchant of Venice?

The details of the bond between Antonio and Shylock in The Merchant of Venice state that Antonio must forfeit one pound of flesh to be cut off of any part of his body if he does not repay the full amount of the loan by a specific date, which is precisely three months from the time he signs the bond. Antonio agrees to sign the bond, because he is confident that he can repay it in time.

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The details of the bond signed between Antonio and Shylock are that Shylock will lend Antonio three thousand ducats for three months, and Antonio is bound to repay the loan. If Antonio fails to repay the three thousand ducats after three months, he will give Shylock a pound of his flesh from whatever part of his body that Shylock chooses.

The reason that Antonio signs the bond is that he needs the money for his friend Bassanio so that Bassanio can improve his financial position in order to impress Portia and win her hand. Antonio is so convinced that the investment will be successful that he willingly agrees to Shylock's terms. Shylock imposes these terms because of his hatred of Antonio, who generally treats him like a dog but now comes to him for a loan. Shylock says to himself,

I will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him.
He hates our sacred nation, and he rails...

Shylock voices his feelings directly to Antonio as well, telling Antonio that he is acting hypocritically by treating Shylock...

(The entire section contains 4 answers and 1058 words.)

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