After the end of the Cold War in 1991, the US erupted into a culture war, a struggle for supremacy among various beliefs, values, and practices. Conflicts surrounding several particular issues rose to prominence and affected conservatism by making conservatives more firmly define their positions, expand and clarify their arguments, and work to promote their worldview.
Abortion and homosexuality topped the list of issues and conflicts, but they were followed closely by gun control, censorship, the separation of church and state, privacy, and recreational drug use. The war even extended into debates over school curricula, with sex education and the presentation of American history (should one celebrate or criticize American achievements?) leading to sharp divisions. Other conflicts sprang up surrounding the display of the Confederate flag, public celebrations of Christmas, and the funding of art.
Indeed, all of these issues caused sharp polarities in the political realm as well as among citizens in general as people argued about what is right and wrong, good and evil, and about who gets to decide that. Both liberals and conservatives fought hard for their positions throughout the 1990s, and these debates continue today, perhaps even more vigorously than ever, as people on both sides struggle to sculpt America, its laws, and its people according to their vision.