What were the arguments of the Anti-Federalists and how did the Federalists respond?

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The Anti-Federalists were worried about creating a central government that would become as hated and unresponsive as Parliament. They thought that the states should retain most of power in the United States. They did not like the idea of a national army since it could be used by a tyrant...

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The Anti-Federalists were worried about creating a central government that would become as hated and unresponsive as Parliament. They thought that the states should retain most of power in the United States. They did not like the idea of a national army since it could be used by a tyrant to force his will on the people. The Anti-Federalists also did not approve of a federal taxation system since they did not believe that the citizens of one state should send their money for federal projects.

The Federalists saw the Anti-Federalists as being too idealistic. They saw the current Articles of Confederation as being unworkable since they did not provide a way for the nation to pay the national debt. After the American Revolution, the government could not pay either its foreign or domestic debts. War veterans were getting angry since many of them had not been paid for their service and many were losing their farms to foreclosure. The Federalists also countered that a national army was needed since France, Spain, and Britain could come in and overwhelm any state militias. Some Federalists even called for a national bank that would control the money supply in the country and limit inflation. In order to pay debts, defend the nation, and stabilize the economy, the Federalists wanted to create a strong national government with less power for the states.

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