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It should also be said that the Spanish Empire was at its end, and was quite weak compared to the empire of the Conquistadores and the Catholic Church of the 16th and 17th centuries. They had lost Latin America, the American Southwest, and the riches both mineral and agricultural that accompanied them. While well-equipped to fight against Cuban and Filipino rebels, and better equipped in the near term than a hastily assembled American army, they had no long term means with which to take on the United States at the end of the 19th century, on land or the oceans.
The Spanish in Cuba had better weapons than most of the American soldiers. They had rifles that shot cartridges made from smokeless powder. The Americans used powder that made smoke, which made it completely obvious where they were once they fired a shot. The Spanish didn't have to reveal themselves when they fired.
The Spanish navy had much older ships that had no chance against the Americans either in Cuba or the Philippines.
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