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What were Steinbeck's political views?

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John Ernst Steinbeck Jr. was an American writer who lived from February 27, 1902 to December 20, 1968. He published 27 books: sixteen novels, six non-fiction books, and two short story collections. He won the 1962 Nobel Prize in Literature and the 1939 Pulitzer Prize for Grapes of Wrath.

Most of Steinbeck’s works, such as Grapes of Wrath, which were centered on the tribulations of a family of sharecroppers during the Great Depression and were sympathetic to the struggles of the working class. Likewise, in real life, Steinbeck supported and involved himself in proletariat and left-leaning organizations. In 1935, he joined the League of American Writers, a communist group.

He also met with strike organizers from the Cannery and Agricultural Workers’ Industrial Union. Moreover, his social circle was comprised of leftist supporters such as the writer Lincoln Steffens, his wife Ella Winter, and Francis Whitaker. He was also close with Arthur Miller, whom he supported when Miller refused to...

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