Secession and Civil War Questions and Answers

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What were some of the long term effects of the American Civil War?

Most importantly, the Civil War led to the abolishment of slavery. It also prevented the secession of the Southern states, so the US didn't lose any of its territory. However, the destruction of the South during the war drastically hindered the Southern economy from growing, which left the region underdeveloped in comparison to the rest of the country for years to come. The Civil War also strengthened the federal government and exemplified why a strong federal government is needed.

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One of the main effects of the Civil War on contemporary American society is the ongoing association between the South and the Confederacy. Even the terminology used for the war is often different in the former Confederate states, with reference to the War of Northern Aggression.

School textbooks frequently perpetuate ideas about the war’s causes that seem sympathetic to the states’ decision to secede. The debate over representation in textbooks continues into the 2010s, but key aspects were prominent in the late 19th century.

The public face of representation that is debated today also became prominent from the 1890s–1910s: the creation of memorials to figures, including military officers, considered Confederate heroes. While some monuments were put up during or immediately after the war, in the 1860s, most of them are much more recent. The 50th anniversary of the war, 1911–1915, was part of the impetus for promoting commemoration. The arguments for keeping the monuments,...

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