What were some of the hardships the initial colonists endured?

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mkoren | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Senior Educator

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There were many problems the initial colonists faced. One of the issues was knowing where to settle.  In Jamestown, they settled too close to the sea.  The land was marshy and full of mosquitoes.  Also, the people were not prepared for living in an undeveloped area.  Most had lived in towns so they had little knowledge about farming, fishing and hunting.  These were skills they needed to have, and not having these skills caused problems for them.  Manual labor was required, and some of the settlers weren't fond of doing manual labor.  This was especially true for the upper class people who came to Jamestown. In order to establish a settlement, it needed to be run or governed effectively. However, the leaders argued with each other, which made it hard to make decisions. Because of these issues, illness, famine, and a lack of law and order were issues the people faced. Because of a lack of food, some settlers stole food from the Native Americans. This created more problems as the Native Americans attacked the settlers. While moving to a new area would naturally present issues, some of these issues which the original settlers faced were created by their own doing.