Domestic Life in the 1950s

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Suburbanization After Wwii

What were some of the causes of suburbanization during the 1950s?

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Several factors led to growth of the suburbs in the 1950s and have been mentioned in other answers, including the rapidly rising U.S. standard of living, in which pay steadily outstripped inflation, and the availability of low-cost mortgages, especially to veterans. A housing shortage in major cities, such as Manhattan, also led people to look outside of their "comfort zones" for housing, and the widespread availability of cars made living away from the streetcar or subway line a viable possibility.

Innovations in home construction that brought down the cost of the average house to an affordable level also contributed to the suburban exodus. Pioneers in this were the Levitt brothers, who brought mass production techniques to home building, enabling them to build 30 homes in a week. They used precut parts and built on concrete slabs, allowing them to construct a small starter home for just under $10,000. The first Levittown opened in 1947 on Long Island. These new housing developments, built by the Levitts and a host of other builders, were wildly popular, but generally excluded blacks, meaning that suburbanization remained largely a white phenomenon in the 1950s.

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There were several causes of suburbanization in the 1950s. One of them was the availability of land in the suburbs. The land was less expensive to buy in suburban areas than in urban areas. As a result, people left the cities for the suburbs.

Another factor in the growth of suburbs was the building of highways. In 1956, the Federal Highway Act was passed. This led to the building of highways throughout the country. As more highways were built, it...

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The great American suburb came into prominence after World War II. A number of factors promoted this growth.

The GI Bill ensured that returning war veterans obtained education, loans for business and low mortgage rates for housing. This ensured that the returning soldiers started living in suburbs. This bill also led to significant investment in infrastructure, mainly roads. The investment also led to new job opportunities in the suburbs. 

City life had its issues like traffic congestion, high crime rates, low standards of living in the inner city, and high property prices. Compared to this, suburbs had cheaper houses, job opportunities, less traffic and better living conditions. And the better infrastructure meant that people could live in the suburbs and drive everyday to work.

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