During the late Middle Ages, Christianity led to a call for reform. Witchcraft was still believed to control individuals, and witch hunts became a form of Christian reformation by purging the world of witches and demons. The Roman Empire had fallen, and this gave rise to the power of the Christian church. The Catholic Church held a lot of power over the government, peasants, and other realms according to Newman, 2015).
Nobility made political decisions based on the support of the church. The higher deities of the church had wealth and power and wielded the power over the people. People opposing the church could be put to death on charges of heresy and witchcraft. No proof was necessary.
The church obtained funds from taxation, required strict moral behavior, and owned many lands and properties. Also, royalty did not want to risk being excommunicated from the church. The Catholic Church was considered as the true doctrine.
The Great Schism occurred during the Middle Ages when a split between the Eastern and Western churches experienced a conflict over different views on the crusades against Muslims over the Holy Land. Pilgrimage to the Holy Land was important for Christians, and they sought to remove the Muslims from control over the Holy Land. The split led to the rise of Western Catholics and Eastern Orthodoxy.