What were the features of the New Jersey plan and the Virginia plan? How were the differences of those plans resolved ?

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dbello | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Educator

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The New Jersey and Virginia Plans were created in order to address the issue of representation in the Congress during the 1787 convention in Philadelphia. Referred to as the 'Great Compromise' the features of the New Jersey plan included a unicameral legislature (one house) with equal number of representatives from each state. The Virginia plan set up a bicameral legislature with the lower house being in proportion to the people, excluding slaves. The upper house would be decided by the lower from a list of people offered by the state.

After significant debate the final compromise was:

1. a bicameral legislature

2. equal number of representatives in the Senate (2) from each state (upper house)

3. the lower house of representatives would be based upon population. (until the 1929 Apportionment Act which limits the #to 435)

4. for every 5 slaves, 3 would be counted for taxation as well as representation with regard to Congressional legislation