What were the religious, cultural, and economic conditions of the 7th century Arabia when Mohammad was born?
It seems that Mohammed had a profound effect on Arabia during the 7th century, religiously, culturally, economically, and historically.
He was born into a country riddled with political upheaval, religious wars, and dire poverty. Some of the problems the country faced were issues Mohammed did away with in his lifetime: worshipping idols, the killing of baby girls at birth, excessive wives, divorce, slavery, excessive taxation, and slums. Economically, he reformed the inheritance laws, regulated slavery, and improved conditions for the poor. He limited the number of wives a man could have and forbid divorce. Religiously, he unified the Arab nation in one god, Allah, and taught his followers brotherly love. He taught them tolerance for others not of their race or creed. He was merciful to those he fought against in conquest.
Mohammed's new religion, Islam, spread across Arabia and into the world and is still practiced today by millions of people. Every year, faithful followers still make a religious pilgrimage to Mecca, the birthplace of Mohammed. He changed the course of a nation and of the world.