What were the purposes of the Bill of Rights and the Declaration of the Rights of Man?

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Ashley Kannan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

In the most broad of senses, both documents seek to establish the universal entitlements of all men.  Both arise from the Enlightenment ideals that that there certain elements that must be endowed to all men because it is within their natural state of being.  Both documents speak to this truth and establish an understanding of who individuals are and how their governing bodies must approach them.  For example, the Declaration of the Rights of Man stresses that individuals possess an entitlement of freedom of speech and a state of being in the world that precludes arbitrary arrest.  The Bill of Rights argues the same ideas in constructive language that firmly embeds such entitlements in the framework of American government.  In both documents, the reality seeking to be implemented is one where there is a firm understanding that a sphere to prevent government or external intrusion is constructed.