What were the principal colonial regions of North America?

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During the Imperial Era of Europe—when every large power was seeking to assert its dominion beyond its native shores—North America was no exception. The North American continent was split between all significant imperial powers: specifically Britain, Spain, France, and Russia. The colonial areas were divided by the claims made by each power.

Russia

Russia had one of the least conspicuous colonial regions in North America. Russia colonized what would eventually become Alaska. While they owned the Alaskan territory for around 200 years before selling to the United States, the Russian colony has the distinction of being one of the least violent colonies in the New World. To this day, the Russian influence in Alaska is apparent, with a high concentration of Orthodox Christians among the native Aleut population.

Spain

New Spain was the Spanish colonial territory. The New Spain colony stretched from Central America to Washington State. They worked to convert the natives to Catholicism,...

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