What were the policial and military division with the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War?I'm currently trying to write an essay with the title "How far were the divisions both politically and...
What were the policial and military division with the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War?
I'm currently trying to write an essay with the title "How far were the divisions both politically and militarily to blame for Republican defeat and the Spanish Civil War?" I just need some help with some examples of the political and military divisions.
The divisions within the Spanish Popular Front, which represented the elected Republican government, in the Civil War reflected the international ones of the Left in the 1930s. The Popular Front included Communist forces that were influenced by Stalinism, but also numbered among its ranks political parties such as the POUM which were Trotskyist in ispiration. There were also large sections influenced by anarchism such as the National Confederation of Trabajo (CNT). These groups foght together the menace of a Fascist government represented by Franco's troops, but were clearly uncomfortable with each others. As the war went on and the urgency of stopping the Nationalists delayed socialist-inspired reform, the different souls of the Republican front began to clash violently in riots that were partly orchestrated by the Soviet secret service eager to eliminate the POUM. The anarchists and the Trotskyists were demanding a much quicker pace of social reforms. In your essay, you could make some quotations from George Orwell's Homage to Catalonia, where he tells of his experience as a POUM fighter, or from Loach's film Land and Freedom.
The conflicts between the so called Anarcho-Syndacalist Trotskyist factions and the official government reached a violent peak in Barcelona in May 1937. The city, which was controlled by the POUM and the CNT, was violently taken over by other left-wing groups supported by the Catalan Socialist Party and the Communist Party. Several well-known anarchist leaders of Barcelona were killed. The Barcelona riots also marked the formation of a new central government led by Juan Negrin whose policies were more influenced by Stalin than those of the previous cabinet.