In "Animal Farm", what was the pigs' motive for rebellion?
It is based on the classic Marxist argument about ownership of the means of production. The pigs were convinced that the humans were living off their labor, and that if they could eliminate the "middleman," they could live a more profitable and fulfilling life. This is the case that Old Major makes to them at the start of the novel. Of course this doesn't happen and "human" nature takes over ... and their final situation is worse than the first.