What were some of the differences and similarities between the north and south regarding the American industrial revolution?

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mkoren | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Senior Educator

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There were several differences and a few similarities with the north and south regarding the American industrial revolution.  One difference was the north was much more industrial than the south. Most of the factories were located in the north.  This was due to the availability of resources, the abundance of ports, and a climate and soil that was not very ideal for farming.  As a result, many northerners worked in factories.  In many instances, the working conditions in these factories were poor. Workers often suffered due to the dangerous working conditions.  In the south, most people farmed.  This was due mainly to a climate that was very good for farming, and land that was very fertile. The south had very few industries. As a result, the needs of the north and south were very different.  This often led to clashes on policies regarding trade, taxes, and internal improvements. The south used many slaves for farming. This also became an issue on which the north and south differed.  One similarity the industrial revolution had on both the north and south was the impact inventions had on the region and the people.  People in both regions were impacted in some way by the inventions. The cotton gin revolutionized cotton growing in the south.  It made cotton the main export of the south by 1860.  Machines completely changed where products were made and how they were made. Many people moved to or settled in northern cities because there were jobs available because of industrial revolution. Some of the inventions also made some aspects of life easier for the people of both regions.  The north and south were greatly impacted by the industrial revolution.  

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