What were the major points or characteristic of the positions between the Federalist and Democratic-Republican parties?
During the time of ratification of the U.S. Constitution. Please give specific examples.
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The Federalists and Democratic-Republicans were born when Washington decided not to run a second term, and a race for second president was between John Adams and Thomas Jefferson. Hamilton decided to head the Federalists from the original group from the Consititutional Convention, and Thomas Jefferson was the leader of the Democratic Republicans.
The Federalists were on the platform of strong federal government, pro-Britain as far as allies, men who were landowners could be the ones in leadership positions in the government, and a loose interpretation of the Constitution in order to have flexibility with the structure and Bill of Rights.
The Democratic Republicans were on the platform of weak federal government and stronger state government, pro-France as far as allies, all men could be leaders in the government, and a strict interpretation of the Constitution in order to protect the Bill of Rights and make sure they are not changed.
The emergence of political parties was a critical element that arises in the administrations which follow Washington's. In his farewell address, Washington warned against the factionalization which might emerge through political parties, but his points were not followed as two major parties grew out of the political scene at the time. The Federalists were a party that believed in the strength of a federal government and believed that power should rest in this body. They were the individuals who, at the Constitutional Convention, stressed that the notion of being able to exercise law and order and a level of centralized control was more important than sovereignty of the states. Federalists were pro- business and industrial growth, and were favored by most of the wealthy at the time. This side was placed in stark contrast to the Republicans, who believed in smaller forms of government on a more local level and also argued that agricultural expressions of the good were more advantageous to the character of America than a business model. The freedom of states to be left alone from the federal body were of critical importance to the Republicans.
We can see this stressed in a couple of arenas. Hamilton, being a Federalist, believed in the power and strength of a national bank as a way to offset the economic challenges faced by the new nation. Jefferson, a Republican, went against this in his notion that a federalized bank would take from the independent autonomy of individual states. At the same time, the belief of unifying both parties was present in Jefferson's Inauguration. At the same time, one could see some very strong Republican elements at play. The fact that Jefferson walked to his inauguration, as opposed to riding in an elaborate carriage, and that he stood against individuals bowing to him as deference attempted to illuminate the Republican principle of a lack of hierarchy.
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