What were the main provisions of the changes to Title IX laws passed in 1972?
Title IX prohibited, and continues to prohibit, discrimination in education. It said that:
no person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.
The provisions covered almost every conceivable aspect of education, including financial aid, academic programs, and extracurricular activities such as athletics. The act was intended to attack institutional sexism in education that was reflected in the number of extracurricular activities available to young men, especially in athletics, in addition to curricula that tended to push boys into more advanced classes and girls into home economics and other courses that did not emphasize as many occupational skills. The law also opened up graduate opportunities, especially in professional MBA, law, and medical schools, which had been traditionally male-dominated. While the law does not explicitly state this, the Supreme Court has recognized the right of individuals to sue the federally-funded institutions that do not comply with Title IX. Title IX's protections have also been extended to include sexual harassment in schools.