What were the main proposals of Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus?

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Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus (also known as the Gracchi) were brothers who tried to implement reforms in Rome in and after the 130s BC.  The Gracchi were concerned with the decline of the small farming class of Rome.  They felt that the elites were getting too much power.  This led them to propose a number of reforms that would reduce elite power.   These reforms included:

  • Limits on the amount of land that any one Roman could own.  Land that was over this limit would be taken and distributed to poor Romans at low prices.
  • Giving the equestrian order more of a role on juries and in tax collection.  This came at the expense of the senatorial class.  

In these ways and others, the Gracchi were trying to create a stronger middle class of Roman citizens.