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The War of 1812 was basically fought on three fronts: Naval engagements in the Atlantic Ocean; naval action in the Great Lakes and military battles along the Canadian border; and in the Southern states. Among the major battles:
BATTLE OF LAKE ERIE (September 19, 1813). One of the largest and most important naval battles of the war, the American victory at Lake Erie broke the British stronghold on Detroit, leading to the later American victory at the Battle of the Thames, in which Chief Tecumseh was killed. Nine American ships under the command of Oliver Hazard Perry defeated and captured the six British ships involved.
BATTLE OF HORSESHOE BEND (March 27, 1814). General Andrew Jackson won an overwhelming victory over the Creek Indians in this battle near Dadeville, Alabama. The Creeks under Chief Red Stick were virtually annihilated, losing more than 800 of their 1000 warriors.
BATTLE OF BLADENSBURG (August 24, 1814). The British won a decisive victory in this battle, opening the way for the British to capture and burn Washington, D. C. Most of the American troops were inexperienced militia who fled following the battle. The victorious British army marched from the Maryland battlefield into the undefended capital and burned most of the city.
BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS (January 8, 1815). One of the most one-sided battles ever fought on American soil, Gen. Jackson's troops completely overwhelmed the British force that outnumbered them nearly 3-to-1. The British suffered nearly 2500 casualties, compared with the Americans' 333. The battle was the final conflict of the war, actually occuring several weeks after the Treaty of Ghent was signed.
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