What were the main characteristics of the Italian Renaissance?

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One of the important characteristics of the Italian Renaissance was the emergence of humanism. Humanism, broadly defined, was a rediscovery of the study of classical authors, with a focus on the ethical content of their writings, and it informed many different cultural aspects of the Renaissance. It led to another cultural characteristic of the Italian Renaissance, which was secularism. While much of the art and the literature of the period remained strongly religious and spiritual in nature, Italian thinkers tended to place man, and the human condition, at the center of intellectual discourse. In particular, they rejected the implication that original sin had made all people inherently depraved and wicked, as...

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