What were the key features of the Women's Movement that developed in the 1960s?(It followed the student movement in America. what was it and what was the significance?)

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mwestwood eNotes educator| Certified Educator

In the aftermath of the Civil Rights Movement, the Women's Movement began.  In Chicago, for instance, there had been feminist organizations as early as 1912 with the Woman's Suffrage Movement and in the 1920s there was a Woman's World Fair, but such movements died out and were revived only in the 1960s.  In 1963 Esther Saperstein introduced a bill into the Illinois state legislature to create a committee to organize chapters for the Organization for Women.  Later, Chicago women founded the Chicago Women's Liberation Union. The CWLU argued that fighting women's oppression required radical alteration of prevailing political, economic, and social structures.

Another contributing factor to the women's movement was the creation of the "Pill."  With the introduction of the birth control pill, women felt impowered to control their lives since they could control their reproductive capacities.  They demanded maternity leave, abortion rights, rape treatment centers, equal pay in the workplace, and equal opportunity in careers.

This movement, of course, has been very significant. Many women have entered college, the workplaces, and politics since the movement began.  Equal pay has been guaranteed for women in their jobs.  And, with women of all races being considered as of minority status, they now stand better chances of being hired than some men.  This is a complete reversal of the workplace that was once dominated solely by one group of males.

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