What were Karl Marx's and Max Weber's views on the Industrial Revolution?

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jdkotliar's profile pic

jdkotliar | Middle School Teacher | (Level 2) Adjunct Educator

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I would add that Marx viewed the industrial revolution and Capitalism as a necessary stage of development, one that would develop the means of production, but at a price that would ultimately lead to Socialism and transfer of the means of production from the Capitalists to the Proletariat.  Marx view of the Industrial Revolution was one of economic primacy, what is known as a materialist understanding of social development and change.  Weber looked at through cultural primacy and the role of the Protestant reformation,and tried to explain the economic development of Northern Europe (primarily the U.K. and Germany) versus that of Southern and Eastern Europe.  Today the materialist or "marxist" approach is far more influential in the Social Sciences than that of Weber, however Weber is still studied and critiqued.

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gopikrishna's profile pic

gopikrishna | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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Karl Marx and Marx Weber The latter part of the nineteenth century was teeming with evolved social and economical ideas. The development of a capitalist society was a very favorable goal in the eyes of the bourgeoisie. But it had negative implications on was the working-class and the proletarians who were exploited a great deal under the reign of capitalism. During this era of turmoil and anxiety, Karl Marx and Max Weber were two of the most
influential sociologist. Both their views on the rise of capitalism
have various similarities and differences.

Marx Exploitation,Proletariat have to sell their labour-power.The machines of the industrial revolution eliminate creativity require only the workers own labour, work is alienated, workers alienated. MarxWeber ignores labour exploitation as being a function of class.

Marx explained social phenomena in primarily economic terms Weber Explained social phenomena in cultural terms.Mark Focussed on group rather than individual action .Weber focussed on individual social action and interactionFor Marx the key influences of motivation are greed, alienation, exploitation, labour/manager distinctionWeber see motivation as a function of technical problems to be overcome.Marx suggests that religion provides justification for the status quo and relief for suffering in the material world.Weber suggests that religion directs its followers to gain salvation by doing 'good works' and 'hard work' in the material world.