what were the intolerable acts?what did they lead to?
The Intolerable Acts was a nickname Colonial newspapers gave to the "Coercive Acts" passed by the British Parliament in response to the "Boston Tea Party."
Boston Port Act: Closed the Port of Boston from July 1 1774 until the cost of the tea destroyed in the Boston Tea Party was repaid.
Act for Impartial Administration of Justice: authorized the Royal Governor of Massachusettes Bay Colony to transfer the trial of officials to Great Britain. This was intended to protect British soldiers and royal officials from facing pointless trials on technicalities.
Second Quartering Act: required colonists to provide living quarters to British soldiers in their houses.
Massachusettes Government Act: Replaced the elected officials of the Massachusettes Bay Colony with officials appointed by the Crown. It effectively placed the colony under martial-law.
The acts were meant to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party and reassert British control over the colonies. Instead they backfired, only galvanizing resistance, and were alluded to in the list of King George III's wrongs in The Declaration of Independence.
"He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people."
The Intolerable Acts were a series of laws passed in 1774 to punish the colonists for the events of the Boston Tea Party. There were four intolerable acts in total, which were the:
1) Boston Port Act-Closed the port in Boston until the tea was paid for
2) Massachusetts Government Act-Took away the right of the Assembly to appoint the Massachusetts Council, and gave the British-appointed Governor control over town meetings
3) Administration of Justice Act-Made it so British officials wouldn't be tried in Massachusetts for any crimes they committed
4) The Quartering Act-Colonists were required to house and feed any British soldiers
The Intolerable Acts greatly angered the colonists and helped spark the need for independence and the Revolutionary War. In determining the causes of revolution, the Intolerable Acts could be deemed a short-term trigger. More long-term causes would be population growth in England that brought people to America, while a medium-term precipitant would be clashes of policies, leading to something like the said acts.