Economy. A criticism against the materialistic nature of society. Thoreau argues that ownership is a disadvantage to humans because it separates them from their true nature. He explains that he will go and live in the woods to find simplicity and truth.
Where I lived. The idea here is that to fully live a person must isolate himself in nature. Purity and unity are the ideas.
Reading. Emphasizes classical texts as a source of wisdom.
Sounds. Nature and unity. Reading should be accompanied by the sounds of nature.
Solitude: Nature and unity. It is not possible to be lonely with nature, but humans alienate each other.
Visitors: To prove he wasn't a total hermit, he describes the people who visited.
Bean Field: Simplicity. He describes growing his own food.
The Village: Freedom. He is arrested for failure to pay taxes, done in protest to slavery.
The Ponds: Nature. Describes the surrounding.
Baker Farm: Simplicity. The hard life of a nearby farmer trying to succeed.
Higher Laws: Spirituality. He focuses on the human soul.
Brute Neighbors: Animal nature vs. spiritual nature.
House Warming: Preparing for Winter
Former Inhabitants: Solitude is challenging
Winter Animals: Nature.
Pond in Winter: Unity. Ice from the pond is harvested to spread elsewhere.
Spring: Nature revitalized.