What were the ideals Old Major outlines  that should occur after the rebellion?

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Ashley Kannan | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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Old Major's ideals that he outlines are twofold.  The first set of them speak to the need for change, itself.  This is in the first part of his address to the animals.  He speaks of how the animals are abused by human beings and must come together as a collective entity that believes in solidarity.  It is from this point that Old Major outlines his idealistic vision of a farm in which the animals work for one another and are the collective agents of their own destiny.  Old Major speaks of the ideals that represent an embrace of how all animals are equal to one another and should never bring harm to one another.  Old Major's ideals of behavior are represented in the idea that the animals must never smoke or drink, never sleep in a bed, and repel the behaviors that are so associated with human beings.  The ideal of a world without human beings in both presence and through behavior is articulated by the end of the first chapter, highlighted with the singing of "Beasts of England."  This brings to light how the ideals of Old Major are what he believes will drive the revolution and should define life after it.


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