Hammurabi was a leader of Ancient Babylon from 1792 BC–1750 BC. During his time as ruler, Babylon expanded its power and flourished. There are, however, two major accomplishments attributed to Hammurabi.
First, Hammurabi established a code of law within his empire. Hammurabi's Code, as it is known, is considered to be one of the oldest legal codes in the world. Hammurabi's Code was significant because it provided specific punishments for specific crimes. It is most famously referenced for having punishments that correspond to the crime that was committed. For example, Hammurabi's code prescribes "an eye for an eye." By standardizing his code of laws, Hammurabi established a system in which his subjects knew the punishment they would receive for the crimes they had committed.
Second, Hammurabi is also known for expanding the Babylonian Empire to include all of Mesopotamia. Hammurabi was able to achieve his conquests through military skill, as well as beneficial alliances. This was a significant achievement, as it greatly expanded Babylonian territory. Additionally, Hammurabi proved to be a leader who improved the lives of his people. Hammurabi became known for great building projects including canals, which were essential to the agricultural success of his empire.