What were Hammurabi's two main achievements?

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Hammurabi was a leader of Ancient Babylon from 1792 BC–1750 BC. During his time as ruler, Babylon expanded its power and flourished. There are, however, two major accomplishments attributed to Hammurabi.

First, Hammurabi established a code of law within his empire. Hammurabi's Code, as it is known, is considered to be one of the oldest legal codes in the world. Hammurabi's Code was significant because it provided specific punishments for specific crimes. It is most famously referenced for having punishments that correspond to the crime that was committed. For example, Hammurabi's code prescribes "an eye for an eye." By standardizing his code of laws, Hammurabi established a system in which his subjects knew the punishment they would receive for the crimes they had committed.

Second, Hammurabi is also known for expanding the Babylonian Empire to include all of Mesopotamia. Hammurabi was able to achieve his conquests through military skill, as well as beneficial alliances. This was a significant achievement, as it greatly expanded Babylonian territory. Additionally, Hammurabi proved to be a leader who improved the lives of his people. Hammurabi became known for great building projects including canals, which were essential to the agricultural success of his empire.

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Hammurabi's two primary achievements were extending the Babylonian Empire throughout Mesopotamia and drafting the Code of Hammurabi, one of the oldest and most comprehensive legal codes in the ancient world. When Hammurabi became king in 1792 B.C., Babylon was a small and relatively insignificant kingdom; by his death in 1750 he had consolidated almost all of Mesopotamia under his rule. Unfortunately for Hammurabi, his son, Samsu-iluna, was unable to maintain control of this vast empire.

Hammurabi's other great achievement was codifying the Babylonian laws into a unified code, usually referred to of the Code of Hammurabi. This Code included 282 legal principles (written in "if...,then..." format) designed to govern domestic, social, and commercial interactions. Hammurabi's view of justice was retributive (often called "eye for eye" justice).

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