American Indian Movement Goals

What were the goals of the American Indian Movement?

A) passage of legislation granting better access to education and giving reservations resources to attract tourism

B) reestablishment of Indian ownership of Alcatraz Island and portions of Alaska

C) a renewal of traditional cultures, economic independence, and better education for Native Americans

D) an end to the termination policy and control over natural resources

Expert Answers
mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The American Indian Movement had many goals. Based on the choices you have provided, answer C is the best answer to choose.

The American Indian Movement wanted to accomplish many things. These included developing a spiritual connectedness of all Native American tribes. They wanted the Native Americans to return to their cultural traditions. The movement was also concerned about the lack of economic and educational opportunities for their people. The Native American people lagged behind white Americans in these categories. They also suffered from having less access to good medical care and less knowledge of good nutritional practices.

While the other answers include part of what the American Indian Movement wanted to accomplish, answer C is more comprehensive in explaining more of the goals of this organization. The first source listed below explains many of the goals of the American Indian Movement. Answer C best covers those goals.

thetall eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Upon its establishment in 1968, the American Indian Movement’s (AIM) original purpose was to assist the Indians living in urban ghettos who had been forcefully displaced from the reservations by various government programs. However, this original purpose later on expanded to encompass a wide range of Indian demands. These demands were of diverse nature and cut across all spheres of life including the economy, protection of rights, revival of traditional culture, independence of tribal territories as well as the restoration of land previously owned by the Indians but taken by the government.

This means that of the choices listed, option C is the most correct because it captures a number of the goals of the AIM. On the other hand, options A, B and D only highlight one goal each. The AIM had multiple social, political, and economical goals, all of which were directed at protecting the interests of the Indian people.

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Of the answers you give here, many are partially correct.  However, the best overall answer is C.

According to the link below, the following things were the main goals of the American Indian Movement:

...the sovereignty of Native American lands and peoples; preservation of their culture and traditions; and enforcement of all treaties with the United States.

These goals are best reflected in answer C.

Parts of the other answers are true.  Activists from the American Indian Movement did occupy Alcatraz in 1969.  The AIM was opposed to the the termination policy of the US government.  However, neither of these answers really captures the main obectives of the movement.  Instead, C is best because it is the most general statement of the movement's desire to preserve Native American culture and to generally improve the situation of American Indians.