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The Scientific Revolution, championed by Copernicus, the Polish mathematician and astronomer born in 1473, changed the concept of the relationship between Man and Nature. At the beginning of this so-called revolution, there was no theory of gravity and everything was explained according to the elements of air, fire, earth and water. The laws of nature according to Ptolemy and Aristotle, dictated that the heavier elements (earth and water) move downwards whereas air and fire move upwards, therefore maintaining the equilibrium; which we now know is the result of gravity.
The Church, at the center of all philosophical beliefs and the main proponent of certain "truths" and theories based on Aristotle's teachings, mistrusted the more mathematical approach and mechanical views of Copernicus whose observations confirmed that the sun is at the center of the universe and that the earth moves. However, despite the resistance of the Church, his notions persisted and the actions of many new scientists and mathematicians who followed, set the basis for modern science, presented logical arguments, explained the theory of motion and, eventually, through Isaac Newton, gravity (first conceptualized in 1666). Newton's theory of calculus and a whole new approach to cause and effect paved the way for modern views of science. It also allowed for significant inroads into the causes and treatments of disease, previously thought to have been a result of problems associated with the four "humors,"through a better understanding of human anatomy.
Sir Francis Bacon, The Scientific Method and the period known as the Enlightenment (the Age of Reason) which began in the sixteen hundreds continued the Scientific Revolution, and expanded on its capacity to promote the workings of the human mind and its ability to rationalize, overcoming the misconception that anything related to the senses was to be mistrusted.
The revival of the study of the Classics during the Scientific Revolution led to the discovery of new views that challenged the original perceptions of Classical thinkers, which had been accepted and supported not only by the Church, but also by society at large. The emergence of these discrepancies saw more and more scholars rejecting the old thinking of ancient Classical philosophers, such as Aristotle, Ptolemy and Galen, and seeking to resolve these errors through their own observations or experiments. Previously, Europeans had accepted the writings of such Classical thinkers as the truth, in both the religious and scientific fields, and no individual had saw the need to question them in their studies. However, with these new discoveries, people began to challenge these accepted “truths”. For example, the discovery of the existence of a heliocentric system in 1543 by Copernicus disproved the idea that the sun revolved around the Earth, as preached by the Church. Such radical and revolutionary ideas led society to question the accepted truth and allowed for greater spiritual and religious revelations.There was also a growing focus on the use of the scientific method, empiricism, methods of observation, calculation and experimentation in the process of fact-finding. Discoveries made by thinkers of this era also paved the way for the development of modern physics, astronomy, biology and chemistry. development of modern physics, astronomy, biology and chemistry.
The scientific revolution started bringing people's focus away from religion and more towards science. Because of this, we made a lot of advancements in things like technology, medicine, education, etc. Without this revolution, we would not have all the factual knowledge we have today about the earth, the universe, and math. We wouldn't have had the knowledge to create the computer, phone, or internet. Our world would be completely different.
The scientific revoultion marked a new age for man kind. People became less interested in religion and more interested in science and human reason. Dependence on church decreased, while more scientific advancements increased. Developments in math, science, physics, chemistry, and other academic topics were increased as a result of the revolution. For example, Sir Issac Newton explained the falling of an apple not as a sign from God, but as a example of gravity in action, a force acting upon us all the time. This revoultion even extends to today, as now scientific developments are so advances, we have smart phones, but now we have much less churches compared to a time like the 1400's.
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