What were the effects of the Cuban missile crisis?I don't need an explanation of what it was just the effects.

Expert Answers
pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

In my opinion, the most important effect of the Cuban Missile Crisis was to make the Soviet Union and the United States realize that they needed to have a way to cool tensions with one another in case of another crisis like this one.

During the crisis, there was no real way for the leaders of the two countries to contact one another easily.  Therefore, they had to go through middlemen and their messages could be distorted.  Because of the crisis, a telephone hotline was set up that would allow the leaders to contact one another easily.

In addition, I think it just made the two sides more aware of how easily things could blow up into a general (nuclear) war and so they started to take their actions more seriously after that, trying hard to avoid anything that would be such a direct confrontation.

Finally, you can argue that the Soviet leadership felt Khrushchev had lost this confrontation and that this feeling led to him being ousted from leadership soon afterwards.

brettd eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There was a societal effect too.  The country watched, over 13 days, as the whole nightmare played out, and the possibilities of nuclear annihilation were talked about openly on the evening news.  In other words, the American and Soviet people looked over the edge of the cliff, and it terrified them, rightly so.

Secondly, the way in which he handled the Cuban Missile Crisis, stared down the Soviets and in the end, protected the country made JFK a much more popular President.  He was young, the youngest ever elected, and was criticized by many as being inexperienced, but the Cuban Missile Crisis vetted him as a leader.

figlover | Student

First, the cuban missile crisis alerted the US that us cannot totally eradicate the influcen of communism and have to find a way to peacefully co-exist

Previously, US was confident that they would win the cold war and build an informal us empire.

Second, it showed the world that the nuclear arms race should be stopped. Both superpowers realized that if  the MDW(mass destruction weaon) was employed, the entire would can go extinct. Many nuclear ban treaties were sign during the 1960s and early 1970s. The prominent ones are SALT agreement which curbed the deployment and development of the nuclear weapon. However, these treaties did not actually reduced the nuclear warhead. Actually, the possession of ICBM(intercontinental balistic missile) of the US increased to 1050 compared to that of 1054 of the us.

Also the entire of hope of refraining nuclear arms race was shattered when the SU invaded Afghanistan.

Thirdly, there was definitely a period of detent both economically and politically. The grain trade greatly marks the unprecedented cooperation between the two superpowers. However, it, too was short lived, when SU invaded afghanistan.

Ultimately, it seems that Cuban missile crisis brought in some new trends in the cold war history such as detente or nuclear ban treaty, and most prominently, unprocedented cooperation for co-existence between the us and su. However, all thoser were short-lived, and soon their relationship returned to what it was before the cmc.

blakeriggs23 | Student

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