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By the early 18th century, the British east india company had a strong presence in India with the three main stations of Fort st.George in Madras, Fort William in Calcutta and Bombay castle in western India. These stations were independent presidencies governed by a President and a Council, appointed by the Court of Directors in England. The British adopted a policy of allying themselves with various princes and Nawabs, promising security against usurpers and rebels. The Nawabs often gave them concessions in return for the security. By then, all rivalry had ceased between the British East India Company and the Dutch or Portugese. The French had also established an East India Company under Louis XIV and had two important stations in India –Chandergarh in Bengal and Pondichery on the Carnatic coast, both governed by the presidency of Pondicherry. The French were a late comer in India trade, but they quickly established themselves in India and were poised to overtake Britain for control.
The main reason behind the battle of plassey was the capture of fort william by Siraj Ud Daulah during June 1756. Many historians found the battle of plassey as the geopolitical ambition of the east india company and it brought a larger dynamics of colonial conquest in the territory of india.
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