The Stono Rebellion was a slave rebellion in South Carolina in 1739. While it isn’t totally clear why this rebellion occurred, there are a few possible explanations. One possible explanation is that the Spanish were advertising that any slave who escaped to St. Augustine, Florida would be given freedom and land. When England and Spain went to war, some slaves hoped that by escaping to Spanish Florida, they would get the land and freedom they heard Spain was promising.
Another factor that may have contributed to the Stono Rebellion was the fear many white people had of a slave rebellion occurring. When the Security Act was passed, white men were required by law to carry guns with them to church on Sundays. If they didn’t carry a gun, they could be fined. Prior to the passage of the Security Act, white men didn’t carry guns to church, and slaves were allowed to work for themselves on Sundays. The passage of this law may have angered slaves.
As a result of this revolt, about 20-25 whites were killed. Around 60 slaves were killed, either on the day of the revolt or after they were caught. The Negro Act that was passed later further limited the privileges slaves could have.