What were three reasons for human rights violations during the Holocaust? 

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One reason is that Germany had witnessed the rise of the Nazi Party, which had founded its rise to power on a particularly virulent brand of nationalism, one which featured racist theory and especially anti-semitism. Once in power, the Nazis were able to implement their policies, which initially involved sending Jews and other "undesirables," including political dissidents, mentally and physically disabled people, and other ethnic groups such as Roma to concentration and labor camps. This policy was the direct cause of human rights violations, as people were literally worked to death and executed for no reason other than the decree of the state. Later, the policy evolved into what was known as the "final solution," in which Jews in particular were exterminated en masse in  giant death camps. The final reason that human rights violations reached the scale that they did was that technology made it possible. Pogroms against Jews were nothing new in European history. But no state had ever been able to bring media, organizational ability (including early computers used to log information about alleged enemies of the state,) mass transportation, and industry to bear against a people. 

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