What is a weakness with the legislative branch?  

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The legislative branch of the US was created as the first of three branches of the government. That is why its powers are defined in Article I of the US Constitution. Though there are three branches in the federal government, and they were created as equal in power, the members of the US Congress nevertheless carry with them a closer proximity to the people, and a closer kinship with the people, they serve as with regard ideas and legislation.

Members of the House of Representatives are elected every two years, and senators every six (there are exceptions). The number of representatives in each state is determined by population, and these officials represent districts, while senators are two each for every state and represent the entire state. One can see a possible weakness here: Why would a state with a large population, like California, have the same amount of senators as Wyoming, a state with a small population? Is this fair? Some would argue that this is unfair.

That, according to many in the US, is a weakness in the legislative branch of government. And if one understands the Electoral College Presidential Election system in the US, as many do, then it is easy to understand why it is partially for this reason that loud voices cry out every election season that elections in the US are not "one person, one vote."

So, if one analyzes how some legislators are apportioned, and how that apportionment affects the people those legislators serve—as well as presidential elections—then the legislative branch of government could be seen as flawed and thus a weakness.

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One weakness of the legislative branch is that it could be difficult to pass a law. We are seeing that scenario play out to some degree today. Because there are two houses of Congress, an issue may arise if a different political party controls each house of Congress. If those parties differ significantly over many issues, little might get accomplished. Additionally, if the President is from a different party than both houses of Congress, little might get done in this situation.

President Obama is from the Democratic Party while the Republicans control both houses of Congress. Because there isn’t a great working relationship between the President and the Congress, the threat of a presidential veto is always present. Since the Republicans don’t control two-thirds of both houses of Congress, it would be hard to override a veto. As a result, there has been some difficulty in reaching an agreement with proposed laws. At times, the President wanted to see a certain concept be put into a law. However, since Congress is controlled by the Republicans who didn't agree with the President about this concept, no action was taken and the idea never became a law. After the election in 2012, the Democrats controlled the Senate while the Republicans controlled the House of Representatives. Since these parties had very different opinions on various issues, there wasn’t a lot of agreement on bills, and many bills never got passed.

There are circumstances where the legislative branch is split between the parties that control each house, or the President is from a different party than the party that controls both houses of Congress. As a result, it becomes more difficult to a pass a law, which is one weakness of the legislative branch.

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