In what ways were the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment a progression of society?
Generally speaking, the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment represented a more critical, rationalistic worldview. The Scientific Revolution contributed to the development of modern science itself, which has clearly had many benefits. Additionally, the advent of the Scientific Revolution marked a series mor major advances in our understanding of how the natural world, from our own bodies to the solar system, works. The Enlightenment marked the expansion of this critical worldview into the realm of human institutions, ranging from governments to prison systems. So we can argue generally (though not without a few important caveats) that these important intellectual developments represented progress. Certainly the Enlightenment philosophes thought so.