In "The Gift of the Magi," in what ways are Jim and Della foolish? In what ways are they wise? How is it possible for them to be both foolish and wise?
O. Henry describes Jim and Della as “two foolish children” in “The Gift of the Magi.” He also describes them as “the wisest of all.”
O. Henry is known for his ironic turns and surprise endings, and this story is no exception. The audience knows that Della has sold her hair. We know that it is her most prized possession, but that she willingly gives it up to give Jim a gift worthy of his wonderful pocket-watch. What we don't know until the end is that Jim has sold his pocket-watch to buy Della a gift worthy of her beautiful hair.
The narrator calls these two "foolish children," claiming that they "most unwisely sacrificed...the greatest treasures of their house." They are called foolish for parting with items of such great value to them.
They are also called the wisest of gift-givers and receivers, and the wisest everywhere. This is because of how they gave gifts -- sacrificially. O. Henry uses a paradoxical statement here to drive home his theme -- true gift-giving requires sacrifice. Financially, they are foolish. Already very poor, the give up the most valuable possessions they have. Relationally, they are wise, because they parted with the items for the sake of another's happiness.
Della was probably foolish in placing so much importance on giving her husband an expensive Christmas gift. She also was foolish in dealing with Madame Sofronie. Della showed that she was eager to sell her hair and thereby gave the shrewd older woman the opportunity to name a low price. No doubt Della's hair was worth much more, but she didn't bargain or go to a competitive hair buyer. Madame Sofronie practically scalped the poor girl. Della could have specified that she wanted to keep at least a little more of her long hair. She was undoubtedly victimized in the deal.
Jim was foolish in parting with a gold watch that had been in his family for three generations. He may be considered foolish in being so vain about the watch that he was always looking at the time. Like Della, he placed too much importance of getting an expensive gift for the person he loved.
Jim and Della were both foolish because they spent too much money for Christmas presents when they were so hard up for cash. There is a moral for moderns in this story. Many people go overboard at Christmastime because nowadays we have credit cards.
Jim and Della are only wise in being willing to make sacrifices because of their true love for each other.