France and Germany have been moving towards closer integration and political unity ever since the end of the Second World War. They are considered the engines of the European Union and closer continental assimilation.
Since signing the E.U ascension treaty both France and Germany have integrated their economic structures to where they operate as almost a single entity in regards to cross border trade. They also closely cooperate militarily and politically, closely coordinating international policy. Internal political dynamics within the respective governments have had little effect on the move towards closer integration. For instance both France and Germany have switched between conservative and socialist governments, without this change of government having any effect on relations between the two countries. However both countries are dealing with a similar domestic issues like:
- Immigration from outside the E.U into their respective countries.
- Assimilation of immigrants.
- High Unemployment.
- The increased burden that newer and poorer E.U states are placing on their budgets.
- In the case of France you have high budget deficits and government debt.